THE LEGEND OF DAKSHINAMUKHI SRI BAYALU ANJANEYA SWAMY TEMPLE
     

Sri Vyasaraja Tirtha Swamin:

Mukhya Prana Devaru Lord Sree Anjaneya Swamy, the favourite devotee of Maryada PurushottamBhagwan Ayodhyapati Siyavar Lord Sri Ramachandra, has a following of millions of devotees across hundreds of years, who have spanned the length and breadth of this world and beyond. Lord Sri Anjaneya Swamy himself had a devotee, not too long before our times, who the scriptures and the learned consider as Lord Sri Anjaneya’s favourite follower - This was Sri Vyasaraja Tirtha Swamin!

 

Sri Vyasaraja Swamin, also called Vyasa Tirtha or Vyasaraya, was born to parents of very high devotion during the year 1460CE, andattained Samadhi in the year 1539CE. Sri Vyasaraja was acclaimed as one of the three spiritual lights or Munitrayam of Dvaita Vedanta, which includes before him Sri Madhvacharya and Sri Jayatirtha. According to “History of the Dvaita School of Vedanta and Its Literature” by Dr B N Krishnamurti Sharma, Sri Vyasaraja carried forward the mission of propagating the school of Duality in Spiritual Philosophy, as proliferated by Sri Madhvacharya, and dedicated his entire lifetime imparting the nectar of Sri Madhva Siddhanta for the benefit of millions of followers of Madhva doctrines.[
The official site of Sri Vyasaraja Matha details that Sri Vyasaraja was an Avatar of Moola Roopa Shankukarna (Karmaja Devatha) – the celestial aid of Lord Brahma, and an ardent devotee of Lord Sri Hari. It was Brahma who sent Shankukarna to Earth in the form of Sri Prahladraja. Sri Prahladraja invoked the arrival of Sri Mahavishnu’s fourth incarnation, Lord Sri Narasimha, to annihilate the tyrant demon-king Hiranyakashipu.
Shankukarna’s next Avatar was that of Sri Bahlika Raja during the Dwapara Yuga. Bahlika Raja was a devotee of Lord Sri Krishna, however on account of being the uncle of Bheeshma Pitama, fought the war of Mahabharata alongside the Kauravas and as per his own wish, was slain by the Pandava prince Bheemasena. Bheemasena, as we all know, who was none other than the son of Lord Vayu.
It is in Kali Yuga that the next Avatar of Shankukarna arrived in the form of Sri Vyasaraja. Sri Vyasaraja continued his virtuous mission in his next  Avatar as Guru Sri Raghavandraswamy (1595-1671 CE) of Mantralaya, where he received a divine darshan of Lord Sri Anjaneya Swamy in the form of Panchamukha Mukhya Prana (raghavendraswamy.wordpress.com).
As a spiritual leader, Sri Vyasaraja had vast influence in the predominating kingdoms of South India at the time, specifically the Vijayanagar Empire headed by the great Hindu Emperor, Krishnadevaraya. Emperor Krishnadevaraya considered Sri Vyasaraja as his Kuladevatha. Before moving to the Vijayanagar Empire in the year 1498 CE, Sri Vyasaraja had headed the Tirupathi Devasthanam for a period of 12 years (www.dharmakshetra.com).
Sri Vyasaraja was well respected amongst his contemporaries which included Surendra Tirtha, Raghunatha Tirtha, Raghuvarya Tirtha, Raghotthama Tirtha, Sripadarajaru (Vidya Guru of Sri Vyasaraja and nephew of Bhramanya Tirtha) and Bhramanya Tirtha (Guru who ordained Sri Vyasaraja to Sanyasa Ashrama).
Sri Vyasaraja’s significant disciples included Purandaradasa, Kanakadasa, Vadiraja Tirtha, Sreenivasa Tirtha, Vijayendra Tirtha, Somanatha Kavi (author of Sri Vyasa Yogi Charitam) and Govinda Wodeyar.
Author B N K Sharma has described Sri Vyasaraja as the prince of Dialecticians of the Dvaita System. Sri Vyasaraja carried forward the work of his distinguished predecessors, explored and exhausted all the technical and Shastric possibilities of making the doctrines and interpretations of his school of philosophy, impregnable and invulnerable, and his contribution is today considered as a Glorious Religious Renaissance of the 16th Century. The melodious and captivating devotional song “Krishna Nee BeganeBaro..” was composed and sung by Sri Vyasaraja.

 

Sri Vyasarajaru Pratisthapana SriAnjaneya
As a Guru of Dvaitic philosophy, the essence of which lies in Bhakti, or devotion to the Supreme, it is only natural that Sri Vyasaraja’s inspiration was none other than the greatest Bhakta of all time - Lord Sri Anjaneya Swamy. Sri Vyasaraja was able to see Lord Sree Anjaneya in his true form and offered many a penance and prayer to Him. Sri Vyasaraja’s predecessor Sri Madhvacharya himself was the 3rd incarnation of Lord Vayu – the spiritual father of Lord Sri Anjaneya Swamy.  
Sri Vyasaraja made many travels across the length and breadth of Bharatavarsha during his lifetime. During his travels, at many a place, he routinely attained divine presages of Lord Sri Anjaneya. His strong devotion made him to establish several temples along the routes where he travelled and instituted what came to be known later as Sri Vyasarajaru Pratisthapana Sri Anjaneya Swamy, or temples of Lord Sri Anjaneya, which have been built and consecrated by Sri Vyasaraja himself.
Dvaitavedanta.wordpress.com records that there are a total of 732 such Sri Vyasarajaru Pratisthapana Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temples across the modern day States of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, in India. Unfortunately, a comprehensive list of these temples was never made during the lifetime and Sri Vyasaraja and the locations of all such temples, built over 500 years ago, are not known. Over the years, several researchers and devotees have embarked upon a self-appointed mission to chart a list of all the temples consecrated by Sri Vyasaraja. They have achieved some success so far by having documented about half of them, but the complete list of 732 temples is far from accomplished.
Amongst the temples we know of, the prominent ones include Sri Gali Anjaneya Temple and Sri Kote Anjaneya Swamy in Bangalore, Sri Nettikanti Anjaneya Swamy Temple at Guntakal, Sri VeeraAnjaneyarKoil, Chennai and Sri Jaya VeeraAnjaneyarKoil in Coimbatore.  
There are unique characteristics of Sri Anjaneya Swamy idols that were installed and consecrated by Sri Vyasaraja. The right hand of the deity opens towards the devotee, the left hand of the deity has a SowgandhikaPushpa (flower), the tail of the deity goes over the head in a circular fashion and at the end of the tail hangs a bell. In some of these temples, the Deity faces towards the South and are called “Dakshinamukhi”.

 

Dakshinamukhi Sri Bayalu Anjaneya Swamy Temple, Bangalore
Inconspicuous for many years until the development of the city of Bangalore expanded beyond its outskirts hitherto, lies a paragon of blessings from Sri Vyasaraja and his exalted spiritual and philosophical lineage – the Sri Vyasarajaru Pratisthapana Dakshinamukhi Sri Bayalu Anjaneya Swamy Devaru.
Located just about a kilometre from Bannerghatta main road, along the Kembathalli road in a locality called Gottigere, Sri Bayalu Anjaneya Swamy Temple is attached to a property of about 10,000 sq. feet and has a small shelter for a temple. The Deity itself is life-size at about 5 feet tall and has all the resplendent characteristics of a Sri Vyasarajaru Pratisthapana Sri Anjaneya Swamy. It faces the South and hence called Dakshinamukhi.

 
The area surrounding the Sri Bayalu Anjaneya Swamy Temple, as recently as about 20 years ago, was a mixture of agricultural and forest land. Wild animals, like elephants and leopards, used to freely roam the area. Very little human habitation existed. The few families belonging to the area vouch for the veracity of Sri Bayalu Anjaneya Swamy and claim to have worshipped at this temple for over half a dozen generations of their families. Their devotion and sentiment towards this highly illustrious and divine phenomenon of a temple is inherently natural. Faithful devotees at this temple have been beneficiaries of Sri Anjaneya’s grace and they emotionally testify the many miracles witnessed by them.
It was during the last decade of the 20th century when the city of Bangalore, fuelled by economic progress, started expanding uncontrollably beyond all known municipal boundaries. The area of Gottigere came under the ambit of urban development and many renowned land developers of the city started putting up projects around the area.
There is a legal process requirement to convert agricultural or forest lands to commercial or residential lands, before any development happens on them. When the area of Sri Bayalu Anjaneya Swamy Temple came up for conversion, the officer in-charge did convert all the area around the temple for residential development but by some divine intervention, excluded the 2 guntas (about 2000 sq. feet) on which the temple existed. The famous land developer in turn, taking this to be a deific portent, magnanimously attached another 8 guntas (about 8000 sq feet), from his own holding, to the earlier 2 guntas and earmarked the total of 10 guntas for the temple. The older devotees from the area headed by Sri G K Ravi, a social worker, and assisted by Sri D V Raghu, a builder, had the temple area cleared, fixed a boundary wall and constructed a small temple around the Deity of Sri Bayalu Anjaneya Swamy. In the year 2011, a full size kavacha made from 23 Kgs of pure silver, was made by the devotees. This kavacha adorns the Deity on important festivals like Sri Hanuman Jayanthi and Sri Rama Navami.

Hanuman International Mission Trust, Bangalore, the Bangalore chapter of the famous Hanuman Mission Trust Worldwide, established under the aegis of His Holiness Hanumanth Swaroopananda Swamiji, has been blessed by Sri Anjaneya Swamy to be assigned the future development and management of Dakshinamukhi Sri Bayalu Anjaneya Swamy Temple, Bangalore.For further information on the same, follow the below link Bayalu Anjaneya Project.

 

JAI SHRI RAM!